Family Members in Spanish

Family is the center of life in Spanish-speaking cultures and is a common topic of everyday conversation. Whether somebody is talking about their own family or asking you about yours, make sure to learn these important vocabulary words so that you are prepared.

spanish family group photo spanish family group photo
Advertisement

Immediate Family

This is the vocabulary that you will probably hear and use the most when talking about family.

los padres

parents

el padre

father

el papá

dad, daddy

la madre

mother

la mamá

mom, mommy

el hijo

son

la hija

daughter

los hijos

children (boys and girls)

el esposo, marido

husband

la esposa

wife

el hermano

brother

la hermana

sister

los hermanos

siblings (boys and girls)


family members in spanish worksheet

View & Download Worksheet
View & Download Answer Key

Extended Family

In Spanish-speaking countries, the extended family is just as important as the nuclear one so it’s good to have a solid understanding of these vocabulary terms.

los parientes

relatives

el abuelo

grandfather

la abuela

grandmother

los abuelos

grandparents

el nieto

grandson

la nieta

granddaughter

los nietos

grandchildren

el tío

uncle

la tía

aunt

los tios

aunt(s) and uncle(s)

el primo

cousin (male)

la prima

cousin (female)

los primos

cousins (male and female)

el sobrino

nephew

la sobrina

niece

los sobrinos

nieces and nephews

Advertisement

The Mixed Family

In today’s society, the mixed family is becoming the norm. If you have a blended family, it is a good idea to memorize the vocabulary that pertains to you in order to accurately describe the makeup of your family.

el padrastro

stepfather

la madrastra

stepmother

los padrastros

stepparents

el hijastro

stepson

la hijastra

stepdaughter

los hijastros

stepchildren

el hermanastro

stepbrother

la hermanastra

stepsister

los hermanastros

stepbrothers and sisters

el medio hermano

half-brother

la media hermana

half-sister

The In-Laws

If you are married, you may find that you spend a lot of time talking about your in-laws. Some of these terms are a bit more complicated than other family vocabulary, so start by learning the ones that you use the most before learning additional terms.

el suegro

father-in-law

la suegra

mother-in-law

los suegros

mother and father-in-law

el yerno

son-in-law

la nuera

daughter-in-law

el cuñado

brother-in-law

la cuñada

sister-in-law

Useful Expressions to Talk About Family Relationships

tengo + number + siblings/uncles/aunts etc

Example: Tengo tres hermanos - una hermana y dos hermanos. → I have three siblings - one sister and two brothers.

mi familia + es + adjective → my family + is + adjective

Example: Mi familia es muy grande. → My family is really big.

presentar a alguien → to introduce someone

Example: Te presento a mi esposa. → I present you to my wife (this is my wife).

él/ella + es + relationship to you → he/she + is + relationship to you

Example: Él es mi tío. → He is my uncle.

*Remember that we almost always use possessive pronouns (mi, tu, su, sus, vuestro/a/os/as, nuestro/a/os/as) when talking about family.

Examples:

Ellos son nuestros abuelos. → They are my grandparents.

Ella es su tía. → She is her/his aunt.

parecerse a alguien → to look like someone

Example: Jorge se parece a su padre. → Jorge looks like his father.

There is a high probability that the next Spanish conversation that you hear or participate in will mention family. Make sure to take the time to learn vocabulary to talk about family as it will definitely be put to good use!