Spanish Health Vocabulary Words

Getting sick while you are away on a trip can be scary, so health-related vocabulary is a good place to start when learning a new language.

Hopefully, you will not need to use most of these words, but they do say that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. With that in mind, let's look at some Spanish vocabulary that might come in useful in a medical emergency.

Spanish health vocabulary words Spanish health vocabulary words
Advertisement

Parts of the Body in Spanish

Let's start by going over some terms for body parts. Remember that Spanish words can be either feminine (as indicated by the definite article "la") or masculine (as indicated by the definite article "el").

  • La cabeza - Head
  • La cara - Face
  • El ojo - Eye
  • La nariz - Nose
  • La oreja - Ear
  • El oído - Inner ear
  • La boca - Mouth
  • El diente - Tooth
  • La muela - Back tooth
  • La lengua - Tongue
  • La garganta - Throat
  • El cuello - Neck
  • El hombro - Shoulder
  • El brazo - Arm
  • El pecho - Chest
  • El codo - Elbow
  • La mano - Hand
  • El dedo - Finger/Toe
  • La uña - Nail
  • La espalda - Back
  • La lumbar - Lower back
  • La cadera - Hip
  • La pierna - Leg
  • La rodilla - Knee
  • El tobillo - Ankle
  • El pie - foot
  • La piel - Skin
body parts in spanish


View & Download Worksheet
View & Download the Answer Key

What is inside also matters, so let's look at a few more words:

  • El hueso - Bone
  • El músculo - Muscle
  • La sangre - Blood
  • El pulmón - Lung
  • El corazón - Heart
  • El estómago - Stomach
  • El hígado - Liver
  • El apéndice - Appendix
  • El intestino - Intestine
  • La vejiga - Bladder
  • La vesícula - Gallbladder
  • El riñón - Kidney

Common Symptoms and Illnesses in Spanish

The next thing you will need to know is how to describe what you are feeling in Spanish. To do that, you might want to use some of the following descriptive words and terms.

Advertisement

Adjectives

Most Spanish adjectives change their last letter depending on the gender of the noun you pair them with. When two options are given, use the "-o" ending for masculine nouns and the "-a" ending for feminine ones.

  • Inflamado/a - Swollen
  • Sensible - Sensitive
  • Dolorido/a - In pain or sore
  • Irritado/a - Irritated
  • Urgente - Urgent

Symptoms

Here are some other common symptoms you might need to explain:

  • La quemadura - Burn
  • La fiebre - Fever
  • La nariz tapada - Stuffy nose
  • Dificultad para respirar - Shortness of breath
  • La tos - Cough
  • La presión alta - High blood pressure
  • La presión baja - Low blood pressure
  • El mareo - Dizziness
  • El vómito - Vomit
  • El dolor - Pain
  • La acidez - Heartburn
  • La migraña - Migraine
  • El calambre - Cramp
  • Las convulsiones - Seizure

Illnesses

Finally, here are some common illnesses and conditions in Spanish and their English equivalents:

  • La diabetes - Diabetes
  • La alergia - Allergy
  • La gripe - Flu
  • El resfrío - Cold
  • La artritis - Arthritis
  • La insolación - Sunstroke
  • La picadura de abeja/avispa - Bee/Wasp sting
  • La fractura - Fracture
  • La herida - Injury

View & Download PDF

Advertisement

Words You Might Hear at the Doctor's

If you find yourself having to visit a doctor's office or even the emergency room, you are going to want to understand what people around you are saying. The following words should help you with that.

People

  • El doctor/La doctora/El médico/La médica - The doctor
  • El enfermero/La enfermera - The nurse
  • El/La dentista - The dentist
  • El cirujano/La cirujana - The surgeon
  • El paramédico/La paramédica - The paramedic
  • El oculista/La oculista - The eye doctor
  • El otorrinolaringólogo/La otorrinolaringóloga - The ear, nose and throat doctor

Places

  • La sala de emergencias - The emergency room
  • El hospital - The hospital
  • La farmacia - The pharmacy
  • El quirófano - The operating room
  • La ambulancia - The ambulance

Treatments

  • La inyección - Injection
  • La cirujía - Surgery
  • El medicamento - Medicine
  • El antibiótico - Antibiotic
  • El antialérgico - Anti-allergy medicine
  • El analgésico - Painkiller
  • La crema - Cream
  • La pastilla - Pill
  • Las gotas - Drops
  • Los primeros auxilios - First aid
  • Los puntos - Stitches
  • La venda - Bandage
  • La receta - Prescription
  • El diagnóstico - Diagnosis
  • El tratamiento - Treatment

Useful Phrases

Now that you've got the vocabulary down, let's finish by going over some common phrases you might hear or need to say when discussing health issues or in an emergency situation.

  • Estoy enfermo/a - I am sick
  • No me siento bien - I don't feel well
  • Tuve un accidente - I had an accident
  • Necesito ayuda - I need help
  • ¿Dónde está el hospital? - Where is the hospital
  • Necesito ver un médico - I need to see a doctor
  • ¡Llame a una ambulancia! - Call an ambulance!
  • Me duele... (el estómago/la garganta/etc.) - My (stomach/throat/etc.) hurts
  • Me golpeé... (la cabeza/la espalda/etc.) - I hit my... (head/back/etc.)
  • Tengo fiebre - I have a fever
  • Cuarenta y ocho horas de reposo - Forty eight hours of rest
  • Tome mucho líquido - Drink lots of liquid
  • Tome el antibiótico cada ocho horas - Take the antibiotics every eight hours
  • ¿Tiene seguro médico? - Do you have health insurance?

Spanish also has a similar saying to the one in English: es mejor prevenir que curar (it's better to prevent than to cure). Hopefully, this article has done its job, and you can prevent any health-related miscommunications before they happen.