Spanish Transitional Phrases

As in any other language, Spanish transitional phrases are considered the bridge between one idea and another. Transition words are important in both writing and speaking because they help the reader/listener connect the ideas that are being presented to them. Without them, people are more likely to have miscommunications. Transitional words and phrases ensure the overall coherence and cohesion of the message being created.

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Types of Transitions

Transitional words in Spanish are classified by their function. Some of the most common types of transitional phrases in this romance language include:

Conectores de Adición

Addition

Conectores de Causa

Cause

Conectores de Consecuencia

Consequence

Conectores de Oposición

Opposition

Conectores de Conclusión

Summary

Conectores de Tiempo

Time

Spanish Transitional Phrases Vocabulary

While there are many transition words you will need to learn in Spanish, there are some that are more common than others. The following list of transitional phrases will give you the basics you need for conversation.

Y

and

Además

Besides/In addition

Porque

Because

Dado que

Given that

En consecuencia

As a result

Por lo tanto

Therefore

También

Also

De la misma forma

In a like manner/In the same way

Ya que

Since/because of

Ahora

Now

Al mismo tiempo

At the same time

Sin embargo

However

Por el contrario

Conversely/By contrast

En primer lugar

On the one hand

En segundo lugar

On the other hand

A su vez

In turn

De hecho

In fact/ Actually

Debido a

Due to

A menos que

Unless

Por esta razón

For this reason

Pero

But

O

Or

Aún/Todavía

Yet

Transitional Phrases to Add Information

Transitions for adding information are probably the most common transitional phrases in Spanish as they are used by everyone in everyday speech. Said phrases are meant to add information, continue a conversation or idea, present additional details on a given topic or simply add more relevant information to what is being said. In terms of function, these phrases can be divided into two types. 1) Argumentative phrases and 2) Coordinating phrases.

Argumentative Phrases

Argumentative phrases are used to argue a particular point or to persuade someone to behave or think differently. Argumentative transitions include words and phrases like “in fact,” “therefore,” “in addition,” and “therefore.”

For instance, if you are trying to argue that Maria is not trying hard in school, you might say:

María no estudió para el examen. Además, olvidó traer las notas de la clase anterior.
María did not study for the test. In addition, she forgot to bring her school notes from the previous class.

Coordinating Transitions

Coordinating phrases are used to organize the elements within a text. They can be used to link items or thoughts and to keep an idea flowing. Coordinating transitions include words like “and,” “but,” “yet,” and “or.”

Estuve tratando de estudiar toda la noche, pero me quedé dormido.
I was trying to study all night long, but I fell asleep.

Ella está hablado con él y creo que está muy enojada
She is talking to him, and I think she is really pissed off.

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Transitional Phrases Showing Cause

Another set of tremendously useful transitional phrases are those that show cause. This type of phrases is used to elaborate on or explain the reason/cause for things or other elements within the text or utterance. Grammarians think of these phrases as clarifiers because they are meant to clarify the reasons behind or related to a certain idea.

This is an example of how you can use them:

Usted no ha cumplido con sus obligaciones laborales por más de un mes. Por esta razón, ha sido despedido.
You have not fulfilled your duties at work for more than a month. For this reason, you have been fired.

No fui a clase porque me sentía muy mal.
I didn’t go to class because I was feeling really bad.

Transitional Phrases to Talk about Consequence

For some reason, the word consequence has a negative connotation because many people assume that consequence is always related to a negative outcome. However, in writing and speaking, these transitional phrases are used to introduce a conclusion or result arising from an earlier idea or event in previous statements whether it is positive or negative.

In Spanish we have phrases such as:

Mi hermanita estuvo saltando en un charco, y como resultado sus zapatos se arruinaron completamente.
My little sister kept jumping in a puddle, and as a result her shoes were completely ruined.

Estudiaste duro para la prueba así que probablemente la pasarás
You studied hard for the test so you will probably pass it.

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Transitional Phrases Showing Opposition

When it comes to words or phrases that structure any speech with the purpose of opposing or contradicting ideas within an utterance or text. They are often used in argumentative texts to formulate an opposition, a restriction or objection.

For example:

Él tiene mucho dinero pero no es feliz
He has a lot of money but he is not happy.

Se levantó muy temprano, sin embargo llegó tarde al trabajo.
He woke up really early, however, he was late to work.

Transitional Phrases to Summarize/Conclude Ideas

This type of transitional phrases is used to conclude or finish an idea, which is normally done by summarizing the key points within a text or presenting a conclusion that arises from what has previously been said.

There are phrases such as:

Hoy hice varias cosas antes de llegar al trabajo. Me levanté, fui a trotar, y luego leí las noticias. Finalmente, me arreglé y fui a trabajar.
Today I did several things before getting to work. I got up, I went for a run, and then I read the news. Finally, I got ready and went to work.

En conclusion, podemos inferior que el aprendizaje del idioma español no es tan difícil como todos creen.
In conclusion, we can infer that learning Spanish is not as difficult as everybody thinks.

Transitional Phrases Expressing Time

Transitional phrases are pivotal when it comes to expressing or indicating the time in which an action takes place. Also, time-related transitional phrases serve as a way structure temporality within any text.

For instance:

Actualmente, la gente joven sufre para conseguir buenos trabajos.
Nowadays, young people struggle to find good Jobs.

Iré a tu casa ahora mismo para resolver este problema.
I will go to your house right now to sort this problem out.

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Final Notes on Transitional Words in Spanish

Besides being extremely useful to impart clear meaning, these transitional words are used to add more color to the message being created. Whether you are adding ideas, summarizing, opposing, or simply expressing temporality in Spanish, you will always find the perfect transitional word to accompany your sentences and properly generate structured ideas within your texts or everyday speech.