Ser: Spanish Verb Conjugation

The verb ser means "to be" in English and is one of the most commonly used verbs in the Spanish language. Ser can most easily be understood as relating to "a permanent state of being."

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Conjugating the Spanish Verb Ser

Ser is an irregular verb and therefore does not follow the regular “er” verb conjugation rules. Most beginners memorize the present tense form of ser before moving onto other tenses. Use the tables below to review the conjugations of ser:

Present

Yo

soy

Nosotros

somos

eres

Vosotros

sois

Él/Ella/Ud.

es

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

son

Example sentence:
Yo soy mayor que tú. - I am older than you.

Imperfect

Yo

era

Nosotros

éramos

eras

Vosotros

erais

Él/Ella/Ud.

era

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

eran

Example sentence:

Nosotros éramos buenos amigos, pero todo cambió cuando él se fue del país. - We used to be good friends, but everything changed when he left the country.

Preterite

Yo

fui

Nosotros

fuimos

fuiste

Vosotros

fuisteis

Él/Ella/Ud.

fue

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

fueron

Example sentence:

Él fue el primero en escribir un libro acerca de ese tipo de relaciones. - He was the first one to write a book about that kind of relationship.

Future

Yo

seré

Nosotros

seremos

serás

Vosotros

seréis

Él/Ella/Ud.

será

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

serán

Example sentence:

Mi amigo será recordado como una excelente persona. - My friend will be remembered as an excellent person.

Conditional

Yo

sería

Nosotros

seríamos

serías

Vosotros

seríais

Él/Ella/Ud.

sería

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

serían

Example sentence:

Estudiar en esa universidad sería la mejor opción si no vivieras tan lejos de ella. - Studying in that school would be the best option for you if you didn’t live so far away from it.


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Additional Examples with Ser

Miguel es un hombre honesto. -- Miguel is an honest man.

¿De quién es esa computadora? -- Whose computer is that?

Mis compañeros de clase son de Francia. -- My classmates are from France.

¿Qué hora es? -- What time is it?

Son las 4pm. -- It’s 4 o’clock.

Hoy es miércoles. – Today is Wednesday.

Ellos estarán en casa todo el día. -- They will be home all day long.

Keep Practicing

Ser is a commonly misused verb and can cause a lot of confusion for the non-native speaker due to its various uses. However, with a little practice and memorization of its functions and conjugations, the Spanish beginner will soon be able to use ser naturally in their everyday Spanish conversation.

See How to Use the Spanish Verb Ser for more tips on remembering when to use ser.