Vivir Spanish Verb Conjugation

Is there anything more important than living? Well, probably not, but learning how to use and conjugate the verb vivir in Spanish comes close to it. Vivir often translates as ‘‘to live’’ in English. Also, it can be used to refer to actions such as ‘‘to subsist,’’ ‘‘to reside,’’ and ‘‘to spend one’s life doing something,’’ among others. The good thing about learning how to use this regular ir-ending verb is that it allows any Spanish learner to conjugate other verbs with the same ending. Here is how the conjugation for vivir goes:

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Present Conjugation for Vivir

Yo

vivo

Nosotros

vivimos

vives

Vosotros

vivís

Él/Ella/Ud.

vive

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

viven

Example sentence:

No entiendo porqué no te levantas temprano, tú vives muy lejos de tu trabajo. -- I don’t understand why you don’t get up early; you live far away from your workplace.

Imperfect

Yo

vivía

Nosotros

vivíamos

vivías

Vosotros

vivíais

Él/Ella/Ud.

vivía

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

vivían

Example sentence:

Era muy difícil visitar a nuestros amigos porque vivíamos muy lejos de ellos. -- It was really hard for us to visit our friends because we used live far from them.

Preterite

Yo

viví

Nosotros

vivimos

viviste

Vosotros

vivisteis

Él/Ella/Ud.

vivió

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

vivieron

Example sentence:

Samantha vivió un año en Londres. -- Samantha lived in London for a year.

Future

Yo

viviré

Nosotros

viviremos

vivirás

Vosotros

viviréis

Él/Ella/Ud.

vivirá

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

vivirán

Example sentence:

Su recuerdo siempre vivirá en nuestras memorias. -- His memory will always be with us.

Conditional

Yo

viviría

Nosotros

viviríamos

vivirías

Vosotros

viviríais

Él/Ella/Ud.

viviría

Ellos/Ellas/Uds.

vivirían

Example sentence:

Tu mamá no viviría cerca de tu primo. Él es una persona bastante problemática. -- Your mom wouldn’t live near your cousin. He is a very problematic person.

Additional Examples with Vivir

No me malinterpretes, tú me caes muy bien. Pero creo que estás viviendo fuera de tus posibilidades. -- Don’t get me wrong; I like you a lot, but I think you are living beyond your means.

Él solo vive para la música. -- Music is his whole life.

No puedo vivir de la enseñanza. -- I can’t make a living from teaching.

Vivieron felices para siempre. -- They lived happily ever after.

Sonia vivió momentos de verdadera agonía. -- Sonia went through moments of real agony.

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Idiomatic Expressions with Vivir

Vivir is also used in several idioms in Spanish, some of which are very commonly said by native speakers all the time. For example:

  1. Vivir al límite. -- Live on the edge. While self-explanatory, this idiomatic expression is used when talking about people who are constantly exposed to physical, psychological, and other types of dangers.
  2. Vivir como perros y gatos. -- To be at each other’s throats. This one is used when talking about people who are arguing angrily.

Final Notes on Vivir

The importance of this verb cannot be understated. In Spanish, vivir is a very common word, not to mention easy to use. Just remember the conjugation of ir-ending verbs and you are set. Live on!